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Use Classes*

Description
PART A
A1

Shops

Use for all or any of the following:
 
a) for the retail sale of goods other than hot food
b) as a post office
c) for the sale of tickets or as a travel agency
d) for the sale of sandwiches or other cold food
e) for hairdressing
f) for the direction of funerals
g) for the display of goods for sale
h) for the hiring out of domestic or personal goods or articles
i) for the washing or cleaning of clothes or fabrics on the premises
j) for the reception of goods to be washed, cleaned or repaired
k) as an internet café, where the primary purpose of the premises is to provide facilities for enabling members of the public to access the internet,

where the sale, display or service to visiting members of the public.

 

A2

Financial and Professional Services

Use for provision of:
 
a) financial service, or
b) professional services (other than health or medical), or
c) any other services (including use as a betting office) which it is appropriate to provide in a shopping area,

where the services are provided principally to visiting members of the public.
 
A3

Restaurants and Cafés

 
Use for the sale of food for consumption on the premises.
 
A4

Drinking Establishments

 
Use as a public house, wine-bar or other drinking establishment.
 
A5

Hot Food Takeaways

 
Use for the sale of hot food for consumption off the premises.
 
PART B
B1

Business

Use for all or any of the following purposes:
 
a) as an office other than a use within Class A2 (financial and professional services)
b) for research and development of products or processes, or
c) for any industrial process,

being a use which can be carried out in any residential area without detriment to the amenity of that area by reason of noise, vibration, smell, fumes, smoke, soot, ash, dust or grit.
 
B2 General Industrial
Use for the carrying on of an industrial process other than one falling within Class B1 above.
 
B8 Storage and Distribution
Use for storage or as a distribution centre.
 
PART C
C1 Hotels
Use as ahotel, boarding or guest house where, in each case, no significant element of care is provided.
 
C2 Residential Institutions
Use for the provision of residential accommodation and care to people in need of care (other than a use within Class C3 (dwelling houses).

Use as a hospital or nursing home.

Use as a residential school, college or training centre.
 
C3 Dwelling houses
  Use a dwelling house (whether or not as a sole or main residence)

by a single person or by people living together as a family, or by not more than six residents living together as a single household (including a household where care is provided for residents).
   
PART D
D1 Non-residential Institutions
  Any use not including a residential use
   
  a) for the provision of any medical or health services except the use of premises attached to the residence of the consultant or practitioner,
b) as a créche, day nursery or day centre,
c) for the provision of education
d) for the display of works of art (otherwise than for sale or hire),
e) as a museum,
f) as a public library or public reading room,
g) as a public hall or exhibition hall,
h) for, or in connection with, public worship or religious instruction.
   
D2 Assembly and Leisure
  Use as
   
  a) a cinema,
b) a concert hall,
c) a bingo hall or casino
d) a swimming bath, skating rink, gymnasium or area for other indoor or outdoor sports or recreations, not involving motorised vehicles or firearms.
   
SUI GENERIS USES
   
  There is no specified class for the following uses:
   
 

a) a theatre,
b) an amusement arcade or funfair,
c) as a laundrette,
d) for the sale of fuel for motor vehicles,
e) for the sale or display for sale of motor vehicles,
f) for a taxi business or business for the hire of motor vehicles,
g) as a scrap yard, or a yard for the storage or distribution of minerals or the breaking of vehicles,
h) for any work registrable under the Alkali etc Works Registration Act 1906,
i) as a hostel,
j) as a waste disposal installation for the incineration, chemical treatments, or landfill of waste to which Directive 91/689EEC applies,
k) as a retail warehouse club being a retail club where goods are sold, or displayed for sale, only to persons who are members of that club,
l) as a nightclub.

   
*With effect as of from 1st April 2005 in England. These changes will not affect the Use Classes Order as it applies in Wales.
Use Classes Order Review 2005
On the 1st April 2005, the changes to the use Classes Order as it operates in England came into effect. Primarily these split existing Class A3 Food & Drink into three classes, A3 Restaurants; A4 Drinking Establishments & A5 Hot Food Takeaways; together with other more minor changes. Associated changes have been made to Permitted Development Rights as shown in the table below. These changes have not affected the Use Classes Order as it applies to Wales.
 
Use Class Amendment Order 2005
A1 No Permitted Changes
A2 Permitted Change to A1
A3 Permitted Change to A1 or A2
A4 Permitted change to A1, A2 or A3
A5 Permitted change to A1, A2 or A3
Sui Generis No permitted Change
B1 Permitted Change to B8
B2 Permitted Change to B1 or B8
B8 Permitted Change to B1
Sui Generis No Permitted Change
C1 No Permitted Change
C2 No Permitted Change
C3 No Permitted Change
D1 No Permitted Change
D2 No Permitted Change
Sui Generis No Permitted Change